Diets Only Part of the Solution to Obesity

January 2, 2016

Unlocking Word Meanings

Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article. 

1. diet / ˈdaɪ ɪt / (n.) – limitations on food that a person follows to lose weight
Example: She’s not eating sweets because she’s on a strict diet.

2. apparent / əˈpær ənt / (adj.) – visible or readily seen
Example: It is apparent that he is sick with the flu.

3. yield / yild / (v.) – to produce something that can be counted or measured
Example: Our experiments yielded no results.

4. inherent / ɪnˈhɛr ənt / (adj.) – describing something that is natural or innate
Example: Doctors have an inherent caution in handling their patients.

5. expenditure / ɪkˈspɛn dɪ tʃər / (n.) – the act of spending or using something up
Example: Your expenditures should not be higher than your income.


Read the text below.
Diets make up only a part of the solution to obesity.

A study conducted by researchers from Harvard found that different diets have different levels of weight loss effectiveness. This difference becomes apparent when the results of the diets are compared with each other. Low-fat diets yield greater weight loss compared to no diets. Low-carbohydrate diets can eliminate 25 lbs. (11.3 kg) more than low-fat diets over 12 months. 

Yet many diets suffer the same two flaws. First, those who take them often give up too soon.  Second, they only reduce how much calories a person takes in.

Even with the two flaws inherent in most diets, there is no denying the impact they have on weight loss. Low-fat diets cut down on unhealthy fats like trans fats and saturated fats. Mediterranean diets, which also contain fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, are packed with a variety of nutrients.  Thus, removing diets entirely is out of the question as far as staying healthy goes. Losing weight, however, goes beyond sticking to a good diet.  It is attained by adjusting both calorie intake and calorie expenditure.

To achieve overall calorie loss, a person must burn more calories than he consumes.  This can be done, for example, by eating smaller portions and exercising more.  As simple as this solution may seem, it is still difficult to put into practice, and there is still much research needed to be done on how to help people lose weight and keep it off.

Viewpoint Discussion

Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.  

Discussion A

·         What diets or health food are popular in your country? Enumerate as many as you can.
·         What unusual weight loss tips have you heard of?

Discussion B

·         Would you rather exercise or go on a diet to lose weight? Why is that so?
·         What are some popular ways to exercise in your country?

January 2, 2016