Scientists Develop Ten-Minute Stroke Test

January 27, 2016

Unlocking Word Meanings

Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article. 

1. impede / ɪmˈpid / (v.) – to prevent something from happening
Example: His smoking habit impeded his recovery.

2. administer / ædˈmɪn ə stər / (v.) – to give
Example: The vaccine should be administered at an early age.

3. affix / əˈfɪks / (v.) – to attach
Example: There is a small camera affixed to my laptop.

4. illuminate / ɪˈlu məˌneɪt / (v.) – to light up something
Example: Her device’s screen is bright enough to illuminate the dark room.

5. tailor / teɪ lər / (v.) – to change something to fit a particular purpose or need
Example: You should tailor your schedule to travel longer.


Read the text below.
A new test has been developed to detect strokes in just 10 minutes.

Stroke is a condition in which blood is prevented from flowing to an area of the brain.  The effects of stroke can range from muscular weakness, loss of balance, paralysis, and death. It is the third most lethal disease and the primary cause of critical disability in Britain, leaving at least 450,000 suffering from its effects.

There are two types of stroke–the more common one is caused by a clot in the brain, while the other is caused by bleeding in the brain. A speedy diagnosis is necessary to distinguish the two, since current drug treatments for stroke can impede the effects in patients of the first type but can be deadly to patients suffering from the second type.

Scientists at Cornell University developed a stroke test that can be administered in 10 minutes. It will only cost several pounds and will use only a few drops of blood. This test relies on enzymes affixed to nanoparticles. These enzymes then illuminate a type of molecule that shows up in the blood at the onset of a stroke.

Although there are blood tests for stroke, they are not commonly used because of the long time it takes to administer them. The faster detection allows for faster treatment that can save more people from stroke.

The scientists intend on collaborating with a private company to tailor the stroke test for clinical testing. The first test can be ready for use by 2018. They also hope to use the same technology in the test to detect other conditions in the future.

Viewpoint Discussion

Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.  

Discussion A

·         What other diseases are usually connected to stroke?
·         In what ways can people suffering from the effects of stroke be helped by others?

Discussion B

·         Are you happy with the healthcare in your country? Why or why not?
·         What improvements would you like to see in your country’s healthcare?

January 27, 2016