Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
1. link / lɪŋk / (n.) – a connection between two things or situations
Example: The police found a link between the home robbery and the mugging.
2. sleep deprivation / slip ˌdɛp rəˈveɪ ʃən / (n.) – the condition of having not enough sleep
Example: Her overthinking is causing sleep deprivation.
3. disrupt / dɪsˈrʌpt / (v.) – to suddenly stop a continuous activity
Example: His sleep was disrupted by the noise.
4. advocate / ˈæd vəˌkeɪt / (v.) – to support a cause and recommend it to people
Example: The grocery that advocates against the use of plastic requires shoppers to bring their own shopping bags.
5. prone / proʊn / (adj.) – more likely to experience the bad effects of somethingExample: People who don’t exercise are more prone to weight gain.
Read the text below.
A study suggests that long daytime naps have a strong association with developing type-2 diabetes.
University of Tokyo researcher Tomohide Yamada and his team discovered the link after conducting observational studies among over 300,000 people. The team found that the likelihood of developing type-2 diabetes is higher among people who nap for over an hour during the day. They are 45% more likely to develop diabetes than people who nap for less than 40 minutes or do not nap at all.
The researchers said that the long naps may be due to sleep deprivation caused by a disorder called sleep apnea /ˈæp ni ə/. This disorder is characterized by snoring and is caused by being overweight. It exposes a person to higher risks of type-2 diabetes and heart diseases because it disrupts normal sleeping patterns.
The American Heart Association, an organization that advocates heart health, has stressed the dangers of having an unhealthy sleeping pattern. People who sleep for less than seven to nine hours a night have more tendency to overeat. On the other hand, others who sleep longer than the recommended amount have less physical activity during the day.
As disturbed sleep patterns increase risk of type-2 diabetes, people are advised to get the optimal amount of sleep. Several recent studies have found that the ideal length of sleep for adults is seven hours, while children should have 10 hours of sleep.
The disease may be also prevented by adopting lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity and controlling weight. Overweight people are found to be 20 to 40 times more prone to developing diabetes compared to others with healthy weight.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
· Based on the article, what would be your recommendation about napping?
· When is it necessary to take a nap?
· Why is it important for people to take proper rest every day?
· What are some practices that can help people sleep well?